The Dutch low emission zones have been in operation since 2008, targetted at lorries.
Now three cities expand the low emission zones to other vehicles, including cars, vans, motorcycles, coaches, as well as the existing lorries.
Amsterdam's LEZ will affect diesel commercial vehicles (N1) registered before 2000
From January 2018 it will also affect mopeds (before 1-1-2011), diesel taxis (before 1-1-2009) and coaches (before 1-1-2005)
Elsewhere in the Netherlands the LEZs also affect light duty vehicles:
Utrecht's Low Emission Zone has affected passenger cars and Light Commercial Vehicles (<3,5T), since January 2015. To access the LEZ the vehicle must be registered after 1/1/2001.
Rotterdam's LEZ has affected cars and vans since January 2016, with different age limts for diesel (2001) and petrol/LPG (1992)
From January 2018 it tightens, to diesel (2004) petrol (1992)
For more information, click on the city names to get to the city detailed pages.